Evaluation of the Knee

There are several key pieces of information vital to diagnosing and deciding what to do with a painful knee.

  • History
    • Degree, longevity and location of pain
    • Functional limitations
    • Functional expectations
    • Previous forms of treatment
      • Medication
        • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories
        • Steroids
        • Pain medication
        • Medication for rheumatoid arthritis
      • Injections
        • Steroids
        • hyaluonic acid
      • Previous surgery
        • Arthroscopy
        • Fracture fixation
  • Physical Examination
    • Gait abnormalities
    • Range of motion
    • Swelling
    • Deformities
    • Leg length discrepency
    • Scars
    • Circulation status
  • Imaging
    • X-rays
    • MRI – rarely done
    • CT scan – rarely done